It is a vexing question, with practical, moral and financial implications: How many paid sick days should you give employees?
On one hand, from a financial standpoint, an employer is under no obligation to provide paid sick days. Companies subject to the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) are required to provide up to 12 weeks unpaid leave for certain medical situations to employees and their immediate family.
However, other than that provision, a company may under law decline to provide paid sick leave and certainly may frown on workers who frequently take unpaid sick days.
Because a company can play a hard line on a sick days policy certainly doesn’t mean it is wise policy. Who wants to work for a company that offers no paid sick pay? Then there is the question of health and the spillover financial effects. According to CNN Money, the flu season is a prime example:
The U.S. Department of Labor deems that while providing sick days may seem expensive for employers, not giving them is also costly. The Centers for Disease Control estimates that even a typical flu season costs businesses about $10.4 billion in direct costs for hospitalizations and outpatient visits for adults. And that doesn’t even include the cost of lost productivity and sales that comes along with the disease.
So, therefore, providing paid sick days will keep some sick employees away from your healthy employees and limit the number of employees who miss days due to sickness. Some companies have gone so far as to implement an unlimited sick days policy.
Employers have recognized this undeniable fact and nearly 80 percent of full-time employees get paid sick days and 25 percent of part-time employees.
In addition, several U.S. cities require private companies to offer paid sick leave, including San Francisco, Milwaukee Washington DC and Seattle and one state, Connecticut.
But for the vast majority of companies that aren’t required to provide paid sick days, what is the right number to provide?
According to the U.S. Department of Labor, the average number of paid sick days is 8 for any employee of at least year and 11 for an employee with 25 years’ experience with the company.
For your company, whether to offer paid sick days is a question that depends on the size of your company, the type of jobs involved, and the tone you want to set as an employer. That is a question that must be carefully weighed and reviewed regularly.